Brunswick – Yesterday morning after breakfast I fired up the mobile HF station to try for some Skywarn Recognition Day contacts. I saw AB4UG tweet that WX4CHS at NWS Charleston, SC was active on 40 Meters, but propagation was too long for me to hear them. I did, however, manage to work two other NWS stations on 40 Meters: WX2PHI, NWS Mount Holly, NJ, and WX8GRR, NWS Grand Rapids, MI. In between those two, though I made one of the most interesting QSOs I’ve had in quite a while.
Since I wasn’t hearing a lot on 40 Meters (it was only just after 0700 local), I tuned over to 20 Meters to see if I could find anything there and was surprised to hear some DX stations. As I tuned around I found something that really caught my attention: a station using the callsign SN1918WAR. It checked two boxes that interest me: a station with a non-standard callsign and since it included 1918, a history-related special event. I already assumed that it was World War I related due to the use of 1918, but a station ID further identified it as having to do with Poland regaining its independence after World War I. I tried for quite a while to make contact with him, all the while hearing 2 area and 1 area US callsigns make it through. I persevered and finally made contact; I only got a 31 signal report (I gave him a 56 back), but neither one of us had any problems understanding the other (compared to WX8GRR, who really had to work to pull my signal out – many thanks by the way!).
The significance of SN1918WAR has to with the radio transmissions made announcing Poland’s independence on 18/19 November 1918. Using captured German military radio equipment in Warsaw and using the callsign WAR, Polish operators transmitted a message to Great Britain, France, the United States, Italy, Japan, Germany and other countries proclaiming their independence. SN1918WAR’s QRZ page describes the WAR station as:
“The WAR radio station was established by German troops in 1915 in the gunner plot in a road hidden between the third and fourth bastions of the Warsaw Citadel. The Telefunken transmitter, with a multiple spark gap Wiena cooled by a fan, generated a power of 4 kW. The L-shaped antenna of the Marconi system was suspended between two 70-meter masts. The receiver was based on a Telefunken detector and an “E5″ receiver. The station operated on a wavelength of 900 m and the receiver between 600-9000 m.”
They will be operating through the end of 2018 on multiple bands and modes, and you can QSL via email for a PDF certificate. As you’re tuning through the HF bands, keep an ear out for them, this one is a nice one to put in your log!
Four history-related Amateur Radio special event stations during October stand out to me. Two o the special event stations honor important figures from US History: Dwight D. Eisenhower and Roger Williams. A third commemorates the birth of one of our armed forces: the US Navy. The fourth commemorates a key battle of the American Revolution and the subsequent surrender of British Forces at Yorktown, VA.
The Grayson County Amateur Radio Club in Sherman, TX will be operating special event station W5I from 8 October to 16 October in commemoration of Dwight D. Eisenhower’s birthday on 14 October 1890 in Denison, TX. Eisenhower was a pivotal figure in American History during World War II and the early part of the Cold War. After the Pearl Harbor Attack, Eisenhower was assigned as a Brigadier General in the US Army to the General Staff in Washington DC where he was responsible for developing war plans against both Japan and Germany. Just six months later, despite having never held an active command higher than Battalion Commander, he was appointed Commanding General, European Theater of Operations and promoted to Lieutenant General. In the run-up to the North African invasion, he was named Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force, North African Theater of Operations. In late 1943, Eisenhower was appointed Supreme Allied Commander in Europe and Supreme Allied Commander Allied Expeditionary Force. He would hold both commands until the end of World War II in Europe. Despite not having the experience of command above the battalion commander, Eisenhower proved to be an excellent appointment by President Roosevelt. The job of Supreme Allied Commander was just as much a political job as it was a military job and he did a terrific job juggling the different aims, wants, and politics of the various Allied powers as well as dealing with extraordinary personalities like DeGaulle, Montgomery, and Patton. After World War II, Eisenhower, by now a five star General of the Army served as Military Governor of the American Occupation Zone in Europe, as Chief of Staff of the Army, and finally as NATO Supreme Commander before retiring in 1952. In 1952, Eisenhower was pressed to run for President by the Republican Party and was elected. As President, Eisenhower was noted in the foreign policy arena for working to bring the Korean War to an end, Cold War policy including nuclear policy and the “domino theory,” and his handling of the Sputnik crisis and U-2 incident and in the domestic policy arena for continuing New Deal programs such as Social Security, creating the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (later split into the Department of Health and Human Services and the Department of Education), authorizing the Interstate Highway System, the Civil Rights Act of 1957, and the Little Rock Crisis. On the political spectrum, Eisenhower considered himself a moderate, progressive Republican. It can easily be argued that his experience as Supreme Commander during and after World War II gave him the experience in handling disparate groups and personalities that enabled him to be a great President; he was ranked the 5th greatest President in the 2017 C-Span Presidential Historians Survey. In his farewell address, he offered us advice which is still pertinent today:
“As we peer into society’s future, we – you and I, and our government – must avoid the impulse to live only for today, plundering for our own ease and convenience the precious resources of tomorrow. We cannot mortgage the material assets of our grandchildren without risking the loss also of their political and spiritual heritage. We want democracy to survive for all generations to come, not to become the insolvent phantom of tomorrow.”
“In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist. We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. We should take nothing for granted. Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together.”
W5I will be operating on or near 14.250 USB, 7.200, LSB, 14.040, and 7.040. QSL via Grayson County ARC, PO Box 642, Sherman, TX 75091.
Providence Emergency Management Agency RACES, KK1PMA, in Providence, RI will be honoring Roger Williams with a special event station on 13 October. Williams is a fascinating figure in US History. A Puritan minister, Williams came to the Massachusetts Bay Colony from England in 1630. Before long, his beliefs in religious freedom and separation of Church and State and his dealings with Native Americans brought him into conflict with the Colony’s leadership. First, he believed that individuals should be able to follow their own path when it comes to religion and that they should not be coerced into following a particular church; in his mind, a state religion was a religion forced upon the people. Second, he believed that it was not the place of civil authorities to enforce religious laws such as those found in the first five of the Ten Commandments: idolatry (Thou shalt have no other God before me/Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image), blasphemy (Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain), and the breaking of the Sabbath (Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy). These arguments were the antithesis of most of his contemporaries but they would influence our Founding Fathers and the direction our government would take. Also contrary to most of his contemporaries in the Colony was how he dealt with Native Americans; Williams believed in fair dealings with Native Americans. He came to question colonial charters that didn’t reimburse Native Americans for land taken to form those colonies. It was because of those beliefs that Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. After his banishment, he eventually founded Providence Plantation, which eventually became the colony of and then the state of Rhode Island It’s also worth mentioning that Williams was opposed to slavery and attempted to prevent its legalization in Rhode Island. Unfortunately, it was an admirable but unsuccessful attempt. KK1PMA will be operating on or around 53.02 USB, 14.275 USB, and 7.275 LSB. QSL for a certificate via Barry Noel, P.O. Box 28091, Providence, RI 02908.
Also on 13 October, NI6IW, the USS Midway (CV-41) museum ship will be commemorating the establishment of the US Navy on 13 October 1775. The United States Navy celebrates its birthday on 13 October because the Second Continental Congress authorized the purchase of two ships, marking the beginning of the Continental Navy. The Continental Navy was shortlived; it was disbanded at the end of the American Revolution because the new government lacked the funds to maintain a standing navy. Between 1790 and 1797, the US Revenue Cutter Service (a forerunner of the US Coast Guard) provided the only armed maritime service that the United States had. In 1794, however, Congress passed the Naval Act of 1794 authorizing a permanent standing Navy; the US Navy was established and by 1797, the first three of the US Navy’s first six frigates were commissioned and in service. For more information on and a good read about the beginnings of the United States Navy, I highly recommend Ian W. Toll’s Six Frigates: The Epic History of the Founding of the U.S. Navy.NI6IW will be operating on or around 14.320 USB, 7.250 LSB, and 14.070 as well as D-STAR on REF001C. QSL via USS Midway (CV-41) COMEDTRA, 901 N Harbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92101.
On 20 October, K4RC, the Williamsburg Area Amateur Radio Club in Yorktown, VA will commemorate the surrender of British forces after the Battle of Yorktown. The Battle of Yorktown lasted from 28 September to 19 October 1781. Yorktown was more of siege than a battle, American and French forces surrounded the British Army on land and at sea. The Continental Army under George Washington and the French Army under the Comte de Rochambeau surrounded the British Army under Charles Cornwallis. At sea, the French Navy under the Comte de Grasse blockaded the British and prevented reinforcement attempts. The siege began on 28 September and throughout the first half of October, the Americans and French worked closer to the British positions. On 14 October, assaults of the British defenses began and on 17 October the British offered to surrender. Negotiations began and on 19 October, the surrender was official. The British surrender at Yorktown didn’t end the American Revolution, it would continue until 1783, but it did give American morale a much-needed boost. It also caused a collapse of public support for the war in Great Britain and moved the British government to negotiations to end the Revolution. To read more about the American Revolution, I would recommend Robert Middlekauff’s The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763-1789 and for reading about the last years of the American Revolution following Yorktown, I would recommend American Crisis: George Washington and the Dangerous Two Years After Yorktown, 1781-1783 by William M. Fowler Jr. K4RC will be operating on or around 14.265 USB and 7.265 LSB. QSL via K4RC, P.O. Box 1470, Williamsburg, VA 23187.
The month of September has a number of History related amateur radio special event stations, but four stood out to me. The first is N0HWJ, which is commemorating the Lewis and Clark Expedition. The second is a set of special event stations, K3B, N3B, and W3B, which commemorate the Battle of Brandywine during the American Revolution. The third, K7T, commemorates the final surrender of Geronimo. The last, W0CXX, commemorates the 85th anniversary of the Collins Radio Company, undoubtedly one of the United States’ most important radio equipment companies.
The N0HWJ Lewis and Clark 1804 Expedition special event station will be ending its multi-month run on 15 September. Beginning at Camp Dubois near Wood River IL in May 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Discovery was commissioned by President Thomas Jefferson after the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Lead by Captain Merriwether Lewis and 2nd Lieutenant William Clark, the expedition was tasked with exploring the newly acquired territory and the Pacific Northwest as well as mapping both territories and staking claim to the Pacific Northwest before European countries could. Additionally, they were to do scientific studies of the plant and animal life and establish relations with the native peoples of the territories. The expedition lasted over two years, ending in September 1806 and traveled over 8,000 miles Despite difficult terrain and conditions and contact with both friendly and unfriendly tribes, there was little violence and they lost only one man. Even though it didn’t find the fabled Northwest Passage, they weren’t the first ones to explore the area, and they set the stage for the treatment of Native Americans in the future, the expedition was a success. They greatly contributed to the United States’ knowledge of its new territory and established a claim to the Pacific Northwest. Look for N0HWJ on or around 14.275, 14.250, 3.982, and 3.975. QSL via Don Lallier, N0HWJ, PO Box 303, Orchard, NE 68764.
Special Event Stations K3B, N3B, and W3B, operated by the Christiana Amateur Radio Emergency Service in Chadds Ford, PA will be commemorating the Battle of Brandywine, fought during the American Revolution, from 6 to 16 September. It was both the longest single-day battle (11 hours) of the American Revolution and was fought by the largest number of troops in any battle of the American Revolution (14,000 plus Americans versus 15,000 plus British)Fought around Chadds Ford and Brandywine Creek in Pennsylvania, the Battle of Brandywine was a significant defeat for the American forces led by George Washington. Poor scouting on the American’s part resulted in a lack of knowledge of where the British were and what they were doing, so the British forces under General William Howe were able to flank the Americans. A combination of delaying and rear guard actions and a British lack of cavalry allowed the Americans to escape and fight another day, but the loss at Brandywine led to the fall of Philadelphia, the home of the Continental Congress. K3B, N3B, and W3B will be operating on or near 21.280 14.280 7.180 3.860. QSL via Battle of Brandywine Special Event, P.O. Box 1324, 1620 Baltimore Pike, Chadds Ford, PA 19317
On 15 September, The Oro Valley Amateur Radio Club in Tucson, AZ will commemorate the 132nd Anniversary of Geronimo’s surrender at Skeleton Canyon with special event station K7T. Many assume Geronimo was a Chief of the Apache tribe, but he wasn’t – he as a leader and medicine man, but not a Chief. He was a skilled leader in raids and warfare and frequently led large numbers of Apaches during the fights with both the United States and Mexico. He and the Apaches following him surrendered and moved on to reservations, breaking out on three occasions due to disease, lack of rations, and the desire to return to their traditional lives: 1878, 1881, and 1885. K7T commemorates the capture of Geronimo after the 1885 breakout. After the 1885 breakout, Geronimo and his followers were pursued by B Troop, 4th Cavalry under Captain Henry Lawton and 1st Lieutenant Charles Gatewood; the Troopers eventually wore down Geronimo’s group in Mexico and returned them to the United States on 4 September 1886, where they surrendered to General George Crook for the final time at Skeleton Canyon near Douglas, AZ. K7T will be operating SSB on 7.200 and 14.250, CW on 7.040 and 14.040, PSK on 7.070 and 14.070, and FT-8 on 7.074 and 14.074. QSL via email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Rockwell Collins Amateur Radio Club, W0CXX, will be operating a special event station on 22/23 September in commemoration of the 85th Anniversary of the Collins Radio Company. Founded in 1933 by Arthur Collins, Initially, Collins manufactured Shortwave and AM equipment, but after providing communications equipment for the Byrd South Pole expedition, the company quickly became the preferred radio manufacturer of the US Military before and during World War II. After World War II, Collins expanded its horizons, moving into satellite and space communications and provided for programs such as Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo. Collins also played a key role in amateur radio, perhaps most notably the S-Line receivers, transmitters, and accessories. Considered some of the best equipment available, Collins and then Rockwell Collins continued to manufacture the S-Line from 1958-1978. Bought by Rockwell in 1973, Rockwell Collins continues to manufacture communications equipment, primarily for commercial, government, and defense users. While they still produce mechanical filters that are available to the public, they no longer produce radios for amateur radio or general public use. Look for W0CXX on or around 14.245, 14.045, 7.195, and 7.045. QSL via W0CXX, 1157 Highway 965 NW, Cedar Rapids, IA 52404.
The month of July sees a lot of Independence Day special event stations as well as the 13 Colonies Special Event (to be honest, it’s almost become more of a contest than a special event), but there are three History related amateur radio special event stations this July that stand out. The first commemorates the Battle of Gettysburg, the largest and probably most well-known battle of the American Civil war. It’s important that we remember the Civil War as an example of what happens when we are unable to govern ourselves and take up arms against each other as a result. The second commemorates the Whiskey Rebellion, one of the first tests of our new government following the American Revolution. Perhaps there was something to learn from the Whiskey Rebellion that both of our political parties overlooked in the years prior to the 2016 Presidential election. The third special event station commemorates the Maryland Slave Rebellion in 1845. The slave rebellion can remind us that even though our country was founded on the concept that “…all men are created equal…” some have always been more equal than others and that not all of us have been free. Independence Day is a time to celebrate our independence and our freedoms but we should also use it, particularly this year, to reflect on where we’ve been and where we’re going, what our Country has been, and what we want it to be.
Bob Hess, WO4L, is operating special event station W1G through 10 July 2018 in remembrance of the Battle of Gettysburg. The Battle of Gettysburg took place from 1 July 1863 to 3 July 1863 around the town of Gettysburg, PA and was not only the largest battle of the Civil War but the largest battle to have occurred in North America. On the first day of the battle, Union cavalry under General John Buford and infantry under General John Reynolds held the line against Confederate forces under General A.P. Hill, allowing Union forces to hold advantageous positions over the Confederates. Day two of the battle was long and bloody; throughout the day more units of the Union Army of the Potomac and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia arrived on the field and were fed into the battle. On Day 3, the Confederates suffered from General Robert E. Lee’s overconfidence and aggressiveness. Over half of the troops he sent against strong Union lines on Cemetery Ridge didn’t return; it was a waste of perfectly good infantry. Both sides took heavy casualties, over 23,000 for the Union and over 28,000 for the Confederates; but the Confederates lost more percentage wise and most importantly lost too many experienced leaders. Along with the surrender of Vicksburg on 4 July 1863, Gettysburg proved to be a turning point in the Civil War. W1G will be active on or around 18.158, 14.288, 7.227, and 3.830. QSL via Robert J Hess, WO4L, 74 Curtis Dr, East Berlin, PA 17316.
From 3 July to 15 July 2018, Washington Amateur Communications in Washington, PA will be operating special event station W3R commemorating the Whiskey Rebellion. The Whiskey Rebellion lasted from 1791 to 1794 in response to a tax on whiskey instituted by the US Government. Suggested by Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton, President George Washington was assured by local officials in Pennsylvania and Virginia that the tax wouldn’t meet much opposition so Washington, in turn, assured Congress that it wouldn’t be a problem. Unfortunately, it seems that those local officials didn’t know or weren’t concerned with the feelings of the western population of their states, because when the tax went into effect it was heavily opposed in the west. Tax officials were met with harassment, resistance, and violence. Hamilton called for troops to be sent in to enforce the tax, but Washington decided to try peace envoys first. The peace initiative failed, so Washington sent in troops under his leadership. As he led 13,000 militia into western Pennsylvania to put down the rebellion, the rebels melted away and only around twenty arrests were made. Most of those arrested were acquitted and those found guilty were pardoned by Washington. Although the Whiskey Tax eventually proved impossible to enforce and was repealed by Congress in 1802, the response to the Whiskey Rebellion was a critical test to the new United States Government. Washinton’s handling of the rebellion proved that the Federal Government could and would put down violent resistance to federal laws. One wonders if the government’s overlooking of the feelings and views of the western citizens before the Whiskey Rebellion was repeated in the overlooking in recent years of the working class that helped bring about the election of President Trump? W3R will be operating on or around 50.300, 18.160, 14.270, and 7.275. QSL for a certificate via William Steffey, Radio Hill, Bells Lake Rd, Prosperity, PA 15329.
On 7 July 2018, the Expatriate Marylanders Radio Club will be operating special event station N3APS to commemorate the Maryland Slave Rebellion of 7-8 July 1845. On 7 July 1845, a group of slaves from Charles County Maryland began moving by road in an attempt to reach freedom in Pennsylvania, approximately 110 miles away. As other slaves along the way joined in, the group became impossible not to notice and were eventually intercepted by a group known as the Montgomery Volunteers. The leaders of the slave group, armed only with a pistol, swords, clubs, and farm implements, decided to give battle. Outgunned, it wasn’t much of a battle, with most of the slaves being captured, some killed, and a few escaping. The Slave Rebellion struck fear into the citizens of the surrounding area, resulting in further restrictions on slaves, “Committees of Vigilance,” and more volunteers for organizations like the Montgomery Volunteers. N3APS will be operating on or near 50.150, 28.325, 14.325, and 7.290. QSL via Expatriate Marylanders Radio Club, P.O. Box 617, Orinda, CA 94563.
History related special event station for March 2018 include EI50AOM, which continues from January and February along with several Military History special event stations and a station commemorating the founding of one of the original 13 US Colonies. N4H will commemorate the Creek War/War of 1812 Battle of Horseshoe Bend and K7T will commemorate the Civil War Battle of Picacho Peak. K5B will remember those who died during World War II’s Bataan Death March. K5C will commemorate the commissioning of the battleship USS Texas (BB-35). WM3PEN will commemorate the charter of the Province of Pennsylvania, one of the original 13 US Colonies which became one of the original 13 stats, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Special event station EI50AOM will operate in Baltimore, County Cork, Ireland from 1 January 2018 to 31 March 2018 in remembrance of the 50th anniversary of the crash of Aer Lingus Flight 712. The callsign combines the aircraft’s registration with the 50th Anniversary of the crash. Aer Lingus Flight 712, a Vickers Viscount 803 with Irish registration EI-AOM crashed on 24 March 2017 near Tuskar Rock, County Wexford, Ireland with 57 passengers and 4 crew aboard; all 61 perished in the crash. The cause of Flight 712’s crash has never been determined. Initial investigations into the crash were not thorough so the crash has been surrounded by controversy. One theory that evolved was that Flight 712 was downed by a missile from a testing facility at RAF Aberporth in Wales; another theory was that it crashed as a result of a collision with an Irish Air Corps training aircraft. A more thorough investigation in 2002 determined that Flight 712 crashed as the result of a mechanical failure stemming from metal fatigue, corrosion, control surface flutter, or a bird strike. Of the 61 fatalities, the remains of only 14 were ever found. EI50AOM will be devoting one day of operations to each person lost in the crash.
EI50AOM will be operating on or around 21.317, 18.127, 14.217, and 7.127. QSL via Tim McKnight, EI2KA, Gortadrohid, Ringarogy Island, Baltimore, Co. Cork, Ireland. For more information, see: https://www.qrz.com/db/ei50aom
The Oro Valley Amateur radio Club will be operating special event station K7T from Tucson, AZ on 10 March 2018 to commemorate the Battle of Picacho Peak. The Battle of Picacho Peak took place on 15 April 1862 between a patrol of the 1st California Cavalry (Union) and Confederate pickets from the Arizona Rangers (Confederate States) near Picacho Peak between current day Phoenix and Tucson, AZ. To be honest, I’d never heard of this battle until I saw the special event listing, but it was the westernmost battle fought during the American Civil War. Fought between 13 Union Troopers and 10 Arizona Troopers, it was very small unit action. The Arizona Troopers were lying in wait to ambush an oncoming union force of which 1st California Cavalry patrol was a part. Their commander was under orders not to engage with Confederate forces immediately, but to wait for the rest of the Union force to arrive; instead of waiting, he decided to attack. In the attack, he was killed along with two other California Troopers and three others were injured. The Arizona Troopers suffered three captured and maybe two injured. The impatience of the Union patrol leader resulted in delaying an attack by the main Union force and prevented that attack from being the surprise that it was planned to be.
K7T will be CW on or around: 7.040 and 14.040; on PSK on or around 7.070 and 14.070; on FT8: on or around 7.074 and 14.074; and on SSB on or around 7.200 and 14.250. No paper QSL, please. Email for QSL to email@example.com www.tucsonhamradio.org
The Menasco Amateur Radio Club will be operating special event station K5C from Cleburne, TX from 10-14 March 2018 in honor of the commissioning of the USS Texas (BB-35) on 12 March 1914. The USS Texas was a New York class dreadnought battleship armed with 10 14-inch guns, 21 5-inch guns, and an assortment of smaller guns and torpedo tubes. She saw action in both World War I and World War II. During World War I, she served with the Royal Navy Grand Fleet after the United States entered the war, performing convoy escort and blockade duties. During World War II, she participated in the North African campaign, the invasion of Europe, the invasion of southern France, the Battle of Iwo Jima, and the Battle of Okinawa. She was decommissioned in April 1948 and turned over to the State of Texas to become a museum ship, a role she still serves to this day. The USS Texas is the only surviving dreadnought battleship and the only surviving capital ship (primary combat ship) that saw action in both World War I and World War II. The USS Texas is also active on the air via the Battleship Texas Radio Station, NA5DV (her active duty callsign was NADV). I’ve had a QSO with the station on several times and always consider an honor to work a station aboard such a historic ship.
K5C will be active on or around 14.045, 14.324, 7.045, or 7.185. QSL. via Club KC5NX, 9200 Summit Court West, Cleburne, TX 76033. For more information: firstname.lastname@example.org or www.qrz.com/db/kc5nx
The Holmesburg Amateur Radio Club, WM3PEN, will operate a special event station from Philidelphia, PA on 11 March 2018 to commemorate Pennsylvania Charter Day. Pennsylvania Charter Day honors the granting of the Province of Pennsylvania to William Penn by King Charles II of England on 4 March 1681. In the Charter, Charles II cited enlarging the empire, trade, and civilization and Christianization of the natives as reasons for granting Penn the colony, but Pennsylvania is considered a Reformation Colony; more than likely, Charles II granted it to William Penn as repayment of debt incurred to Penn’s father during the Stuart Restoration. The Charter laid out the boundaries of the Province, the powers that Penn (and his descendants) would have as proprietor, and what Penn would owe the King annually in return for the grant. Since Charles and his advisors knew that Pennsylvania would have a Quaker majority, a clause was also included that provided for an Anglican clergyman if one was requested by twenty of the Province’s inhabitants. The 1783 Treaty of Paris ended the American Revolution and the American colonies became independent from the British Empire, nullifying the Charter. As a result, Pennsylvania became a Commonwealth and the second of the original 13 states of the United States of America.
WM3PEN will be operating on or near 14.280 and 7.230. QSL via Holmesburg ARC, 3341 Sheffield St, Philadelphia, PA 19136. www.harcnet.org
The Mesilla Valley Radio Club will be operating special event station K5B as part of the Las Cruces, NM Bataan Memorial Death March from 23-26 March 2018. The Bataan Memorial Death March is in memorial of the Bataan Death March that occurred during World War II as Japan captured the Philippines. After the defeat of American forces in the Battle of Bataan, which lasted from 7 January to 9 April 1942, the Japanese began a forced march of Filippino and American Prisoners of War from Bataan to Capas over a distance of 60-70 miles. In all sense of the words, the march was a war crime. Prisoners were rarely fed or given water. Those that were unable to continue the march were killed. Prisoners were randomly beaten and killed by their captors. What medical care that was available was provided by American doctors among the POWs, no medical care was provided by the Japanese. Somewhere between 60,000 and 80,000 POWs began the march; sources on the number of deaths vary, but between 5,000-18,000 Filipinos died and between 500-650 Americans died during the march. After the war, the Japanese commander of the Philippines, General Masaharu Homma was arrested and tried by a war tribunal for war crimes related to the Bataan Death March; he was found convicted on 11 February 1946 and executed on 3 March 1946 in Manila.
The special event listing submitted to the ARRL does not include any HF frequency or QSL information; QRZ lists the club’s address as Mesilla Valley Radio Club, PO Box 1443, Las Cruces, NM 88004.
The Lake Martin Amateur Radio Club will be operating special event station N4H on 24 March 2018 in Alexander City, AL to commemorate the 203rd anniversary of the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. The Battle of Horseshoe Bend took place on 27 March 1814 near Dadeville, AL within a bend of the Tallapoosa River known as Horseshoe Bend. The battle put an end to the Creek War, which ran concurrently with the War of 1812. The Creek war pitted the Upper Creek tribe, who were allied with the British in the War of 1812 against the Lower Creek tribe who were allied with the United States during the War o 1812. The American forces were led by Andrew Jackson, who at the time was a Major General in the Tennessee militia. Attacking the Upper Creek position from both the front and rear, Jackson’s forces eventually overwhelmed the Upper Creeks and the battle turned into a slaughter. The American and Lower Creek forces suffered around 60 dead and 154 wounded but the Upper Creeks suffered somewhere around 800-850 dead. In addition to Upper Creek warriors killed during the battle, others were killed when timber they were hiding in was burned and others were killed as they tried to swim the river in retreat. Against orders from the Federal government, Jackson negotiated the Treaty of Fort Jackson, which approximately 20 million acres from mostly the Upper Creeks to the United States. It was the beginning of the end for both the Upper Creeks and the friendly Lower Creeks, however. Alabama and Georgia continued to grow and the Creeks were pushed out of their lands. Eventually, the Creeks were one of the five tribes removed from the southeast during the “Trail of Tears.”
N4H will be active on or around 14.200 and 7.250. Certificate & QSL. Michael Courtney, 96 Alabama Drive, Alexander City, AL 35010
It’s also worth mentioning that NASA’s Amateur Radio Clubs will be on the air throughout 2018 as part of a year-long special event “NASA on the Air.” They’ll be commemorating events such as the 60th anniversary of NASA’s founding on 29 July 1958, the 20th anniversary of the launch of the first element of the International Space Station on 20 November 1998, the 20th anniversary of the launch of the International Space Station’s Node 1 on 4 December 1998, and the 50th anniversary of Apollo 8’s launch on 21 December 1968 and splashdown on 27 December 1968. The clubs will also be on the air for other occasions throughout the year. You can keep up with the events and when the clubs will be on the air by checking their website or following NASA Radio Clubs on Twitter.
If you’re interested in reading more about the events encompassed by this month’s special event stations, here are some that I’ve read and suggest: